The Ministry of Finance on today released a report on the highlights of the State Budget for Fiscal Year 1434/1435 (FY2013), the actual outcome of Fiscal Year 1433/34 (FY2012) and recent economic developments.
Actual Outcome of Fiscal Year 1433/1434 (2012)
Total revenues are projected to be SR 1239.5 billion ($330.5 billion) in 2012 and expenditure to be SR 853 billion ($227.5 billion). The increase of actual over budgeted expenditures of SR 163 billion ($43.5 billion) are due to the 13th month salary, increasing the capital and resources of the Real Estate Development Fund and Saudi Industrial Development Fund, additional expenditures on projects in the Two Holy Mosques, increase in expenditures on the unemployment benefit program Hafiz, and the increase in wages bill as a result of providing regular civil service jobs for those who were employed on temporary base.
Preliminary estimates indicate that the public debt will decline from SR 135.5 ($36.1 billion) at the end of 2011 to SR 98.8 billion ($26.3 billion) at the end of 2012, which represents 3.6 percent of projected GDP for 2012. The stock of public debt is entirely domestic.
The number of government projects signed with the private sector in 2012 amounted to 2,000 with a total value of more than SR 137 billion ($36.5 billion).
The National Budget for 1434/1435 (2013)
The followings are the main highlights of the budget:
1. Total revenues are projected at SR 829 billion ($221.1 billion).
2. Government expenditures are budgeted at SR 820 billion ($218.7 billion).
3. Fiscal surplus is projected at SR 9 billion ($2.4 billion).
Budget appropriations will continue to focus on investment program that enhance strong long-term sustainable economic growth and employment opportunities for citizens. Specifically, the focus will be on education, health, social services, security services, municipal services, water and water treatment services, roads and highways. Moreover, the budget attaches particular attention to science and technology projects and e-government.
Appropriations for investment projects will be totaling SR 285 billion ($76 billion). They are as follows:
Total expenditure amounts to SR 204 billion ($54.4 billion), representing 25 percent of FY 2013 appropriations and an increase of 21 percent over FY 2012 appropriation.
New projects include 539 new schools amounting to SR 3.9 billion ($1 billion) in addition to 1,900 schools currently under construction and more than 750 schools completed in FY 2012, reducing leased schools to 22 percent of total of more than 33,000 schools compared to 41 percent three years ago. In addition, the budget includes appropriations for increasing number of classrooms, rehabilitation of 2,000 existing school buildings, and enhancing safety measures in schools.
For higher education, the new budget includes appropriations for the Saudi Electronic University, opening of 15 new colleges, and completion of the construction of campuses for the newly created universities including housing of faculty members, and building three university hospitals. With regard to the scholarship program, the total number of students studying abroad reached over 120,000 students (excluding their dependents who are also supported by the government) with expenditures amounting to more than SR 21.6 billion ($5.8 billion).
In addition, new projects include building new technical colleges and institutes costing SR 3.5 billion ($0.9 billion) as well as additional appropriations for opening new colleges and institutes.
2. Health and Social affairs:
Total expenditure amounts to SR 100 billion ($26.7 billion), an increase of 16 percent over FY 2012 appropriation.
Projects include new primary care centers throughout the Kingdom, 19 new hospitals. At present, there are more than 102 hospitals under construction with a capacity of 23,000 beds and five medical cities with a capacity of 6,200 beds. In 2012, twenty nine new hospitals were completed with a capacity of more than 5,750 beds.
For social services, the budget includes appropriations to build stadiums and sport facilities in twenty towns, and 15 social centers, social welfare and labor offices. In addition, the budget includes additional support for social welfare, citizen with special needs, and poverty reduction programs.
3. Municipality Services:
Total expenditure amounts to SR 36 billion ($9.6 billion), an increase of 23 percent over FY 2012 appropriation.
New projects include inter-city roads, bridges, and rain drainage and control systems. It also includes other environment-related projects.
Also, the budget includes appropriations for studies and design of public transport projects in Makkah and Riyadh.
4. Infrastructure and Transportation:
Total expenditure amounts to SR 65 billion ($17.3 billion), an increase of 16 percent over FY 2012 appropriation.
New projects amounting to SR 30 billion ($8 billion) including roads totaling 3,700 km (2,300 miles), upgrading and modernizing existing ports and building additional berths, additional infrastructure projects in the industrial cities of Jubail, Yanbu and Ras Al-khair, expanding and upgrading regional and international airports, and railroads.
5. Water, Agriculture, Industry, and other Economic Resources:
Total expenditure amounts to SR 57 billion ($15.2 billion), an increase of 11 percent over FY 2012 appropriation.
New projects amounting to SR 24 billion ($6.4 billion) including increasing water resources through building dams, desalination, utilizing deep aquifers wells, and expanding and improving water and water treatment networks.
In addition, new projects are undertaken for the industrial cities and building and expanding grain silos.
6. Specialized Credit Development Institutions and Government Financing Programs:
Specialized credit institutions (Real Estate Development Fund, Saudi Industrial Development Fund, Saudi Credit and Saving Bank, Agriculture Development Fund, Public Investment Fund, and Government Lending Program) will continue to provide loans which aim to support job creation and increase growth prospects.
It is estimated that SR 68.2 billion ($18.2 billion) will be disbursed in 2013 by these institutions. The total value of loans provided by these institutions since their inception amounts to SR 500 billion ($133.3 billion).
1 - Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
According to the Central Department of Statistics and information (CDSI), GDP is estimated to reach SR 2,727.4 billion ($727.3 billion) in current prices in 2012, reflecting a growth of 8.6 percent compared to 2011. The private sector is estimated to grow by 11.5 percent in current prices in 2012.
As a result of the aggregate economic census implemented by CDSI to update the economic activities of the private sector, real GDP growth for 2011 has been revised upward to 8.5 percent instead of 7 percent. In real terms, GDP for 2012 is estimated to grow by 6.8 percent, with the oil sector growing by 5.5 percent and non-oil sector by 7.2 percent. In real terms, the government sector is estimated to grow by 6.2 percent and the private sector by 7.5 percent. In real terms, the private sector’s contribution to GDP is expected to reach 58 percent. All components of GDP recorded positive and healthy growth in 2012. More specifically, non-oil industrial sector is estimated to grow by 8.3 percent; construction by 10.3 percent; electricity, gas, and water sector by 7.3 percent; transport, storage and communication sector by 10.7 percent; wholesale, retail, restaurants, and hotels by 8.3 percent; and finance, insurance and real estate by 4.4 percent.
2 - General Price Level
Inflation, as measured by the cost of living index according to the revised goods and services basket based on the new 2007 base year is estimated to have increased by 2.9 percent in 2012, while the non-oil GDP deflator showed an increase of 3.8 percent.
3 - Foreign Trade and Balance of Payments
According to the Saudi Arabia Monetary Agency (SAMA) preliminary data, total exports of goods are estimated to be SR 1,485 billion ($396 billion) in 2012, representing an increase of 9 percent over 2011. Non-oil exports of goods are estimated at SR 183 billion ($48.8 billion), reflecting an increase of about 4 percent and representing 12 percent of total goods exported.
Total imports of goods are estimated at SR 480 billion ($128 billion) in 2012, growing at 7 percent compared to 2011.
According to preliminary data from SAMA, the trade balance is estimated to record a surplus of SR 1,005 billion ($268 billion) in 2012, an increase of 10 percent compared to last year.
The current account is estimated to record a surplus of SR 669.2 (US 178.5) billions in 2012 compared to SR 594.5 billion ($158.5 billion) in 2011, an increase of 13 percent.
4 - Money and Banking
The broad money supply during the first ten months of fiscal year 2012 grew by 10 percent compared to 10.2 percent for the same period of the previous year. With regard to the banking sector, bank deposits recorded a growth rate of 9.5 percent during the first ten months of 2012, total banks claims on the public and private sector increased by 11.5 percent and their capital and reserves increased by 10.3 percent reaching SR 210 ($56) billions.
5 - Other Developments
A number of developments and initiatives actions taken by the governments mainly in 2012 have contributed to a rise in private sector confidence and its robust growth performance including: