The Ministry of Finance released on December 20, 2010, the following report on the highlights of the State Budget for the fiscal year 1432/1433 (FY2011), the outcome of the fiscal year 1431/32 (FY2010) and recent economic developments.
Outcome of Fiscal Year1431/1432 (2010):
The Ministry of Finance projects actual revenue to be SR 735 ($196) billions in 2010 and actual expenditure to be SR 626.5 ($167.1) billions. Increases in actual over budgeted expenditures in 2010 of SR 86.5 ($23.1) billions reflect increases in expenditures as a result of the 13th month salary, increase in expenditures on projects in the Two Holy Mosques and other Mashair, implementation of new compensation system for universities faculty, adjustment in military salaries, and the cost of increased admission to universities as well as abroad scholarship program.
Total number of government projects signed with the private sector in 2010 were 2,460 with a total value of more than SR 182.5 ($48.7) billions, an increase of 26 percent over 2009.
Preliminary estimates indicate that the value of public debt will decline from SR 225 ($60) billions at the end of 2009 to SR 167 ($44.5) at the end of 2010, which represents 10.2 percent of projected GDP for 2010. The stock of debt is totally domestic.
The National Budget for 1432AH/1433AH (2011)
The followings are the main highlights of the 1432AH/1433AH (2011) budget:
Total revenues are projected at SR 540 ($144) billions.
Government expenditures are budgeted at SR 580 ($154.7) billions.
Fiscal deficit is projected at SR 40 ($10.7) billions.
The national budget for 1432AH/1433AH (2011) will continue to focus on enhancing the development process and ensure that the investment programs remain conducive to strong and sustainable economic growth. The budget puts emphasis on optimizing the use of available resources and giving priority to projects that ensure balanced development as well as more employment opportunities and job creation. Specifically, focus will be on education, health, social and security services, municipal services, water and sewage services, and roads and highways. Moreover, the budget attaches a particular importance to projects related to research and development as well as science and technology projects for the e-government.
The 1432AH/1433AH (2011) budget includes financing for new and on-going projects with a total value of SR 256 ($68. 3) billions.
Appropriations for the main development and public service sectors for 1432AH/1433AH (2011) are as follows:
Education and Training:
a. Total expenditure amounts to SR 150 (US $40) billions, representing 26 percent of FY 2011 appropriations and an increase of 8 percent overFY 2010 appropriation.
b. Continued implementation of King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Public Education Development Project (Tatweer) amounting to SR 9.0 billion through the Education Development Holding Company owned by the Public Investment Fund (PIF).
c. New projects include 610 new schools (in addition to 3,200 schools currently under construction and more than 600 schools completed in FY 2010) and rehabilitation of 2000 existing school buildings.
d. For higher education, the new budget includes appropriations for the completion of construction of campuses for the newly created universities including housing of faculty. Furthermore, the scholarship program (first and second phase) will continue next year.
Health and social Affairs:
a. Total expenditure amounts to SR 68.7 ($18.3) billions, an increase of 12 percent over FY 2010 appropriation.
b. Projects include new primary care centers throughout the Kingdom, 12 new hospitals. At the present, there are 120 hospitals under construction with a capacity of 26,700 beds.
c. For social services, the new budget includes appropriation to build sport clubs, social centers, social welfare and labor offices. In addition, it includes further support for poverty reduction programs that will shorten the time frame required to eradicate poverty.
a. Total expenditure amounts to SR 24.5 ($6.5) billions, an increase of 13 percent overFY2010 appropriation.
b. New project include inter-city roads, bridges, and road lights, which should help ease traffic bottlenecks. It also includes other environment-related projects.
Transportation and telecommunication:
a. Total expenditure amounts to SR 25.2 ($6.7) billions, an increase of 5 percent over FY2010 appropriation.
b. New projects include roads totaling 6,600 km to be added to 30,200 km of roads currently under construction. Also, the budget includes appropriations to build 4 new airports and rebuilding of Jeddah’s King Abdulaziz International Airport. In addition, the budget includes projects to build additional berths and enhancing the power network in some ports.
Water, Agriculture, and Infrastructure Sector:
a. Total expenditure amounts to SR 50.8 ($13.5) billions, an increase of 10 percent over FY2010 appropriation.
b. Appropriations for new projects include enhancing water sources, dams and wells, as well as expanding and improving water and sewage networks. There are also allocations for new water desalination stations and upgrading existing stations. New projects will be undertaken in the industrial cities of Jubail, Yanbu, and Ras Azur to accommodate new investment projects.
Specialized Credit Development Institutions and Government financing programs:
Specialized credit institutions (Real Estate Development Fund, Saudi Industrial Development Fund, Saudi Credit and Saving Bank, Saudi Arabian Agriculture Bank, Public Investment Fund, and Government Lending Program) will continue to provide loans to the industrial and agriculture sectors, housing, and small and medium enterprises which will support job creation and enhancing growth prospect.
It is estimated that SR 47 ($12.5) billions will be disbursed in 2011 by these Institutions. The total value of loans provided by these institutions since their inceptions amounts to more than SR 414.3 ($110.5) billions.
Economic Developments in 2009
1. Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
According to Central Department of Statistics and information, GDP is estimated to reach SR 1,630 ($434.7) billions in current prices in 2010, reflecting a growth of 16.6 percent compared to 2009. Private sector is estimated to grow by 5.3 percent in current prices in 2010.
In real terms, Overall GDP is estimated to grow by 3.8 percent, with government sector growing by 5.9 percent and private sector by 3.7 percent in 2010 and its contribution to GDP is expected to be 47.8 percent. All components of the GDP recorded positive growth in 2010. In particular, the non-oil industrial sector is estimated to grow by 5.0 percent; construction sector by 3.7 percent; electricity, gas, and water sector by 6.0 percent; transport and communication sector by 5.6 percent; wholesale, retail, restaurants, and hotels by 4.4 percent; and finance, insurance and real estate by 1.4 in constant prices.
2. General Price Level
Inflation, as measured by the cost of living index, is estimated at 3.7 percent in 2010, while the non-oil GDP deflator showed an increase of 1.5 percent.
3. Foreign Trade and balance of payment
According to the Saudi Arabia Monetary Agency (SAMA) preliminary data, total exports of goods are estimated to be SR 886.3 ($236.3) billions in 2010, representing an increase of 23.0 percent over 2009. Non-oil exports of goods are estimated at SR 124.2 ($33.1) billions, reflecting an increase of about 14.0 percent and representing 14.0 percent of total goods exported.
Total imports of goods are estimated at SR 326.2 ($87.0) billions in 2010, representing a growth of 0.7 percent compared to 2009.
According to the Saudi Arabia Monetary Agency (SAMA) preliminary data, trade balance is estimated to record a surplus of SR 557.9 ($148.8) billions in 2010, an increase of 41.4 percent compared to last year, as a result of the increase in oil and non-oil exports and the low growth in imports.
Current account is estimated to record a surplus amounting to SR 260.9 (US $69.6) billions in 2010 compared to SR 78.6 ($21.0) billions in 2010, an increase of 32.0 percent.