Recent reports show production of red meat in the Kingdom is estimated at 581,000 tons annually, taking into consideration that around two million animals are slaughtered each year in Makkah during the period of Hajj. In 1995 Saudi Arabia reached 46 percent self-sufficiency in red meat. Self-sufficiency in milk production, however, was achieved a number of years ago, and 600,000 tons were produced in 1995, about two-thirds of this by specialized commercial dairy farms which supply markets with fresh and pasteurized milk, long-life packaged milk, yogurt, buttermilk, and other dairy products.
It is worth noting that given the importance of fodder for domestic animals including camels, sheep and goats as well as cattle, the private sector has established plantations of animal feed using central irrigation processes on some 305,000 hectares, producing in 1995 an estimated three million tons of fodder.
By 1995 the Kingdom was 68 percent self-sufficient in poultry, with a production of 372,000 tons. This figure is expected to increase with the extensive projects that are currently underway; there is vast potential for investment in this area. There is already, however, full self-sufficiency in egg production, estimated in 1995 to be around 2.5 billion, and Saudi Arabia now exports eggs to neighboring countries.
As for fish, in 1995 production reached 54,000 tons from the waters of the Red Sea and the Arabian Gulf, and 35,000 tons from fish farms.