A recent report shows that the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, under the guidance of Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Fahd Bin Abdul Aziz, has achieved remarkable success in the agriculture sector, with self-sufficiency in most crops. These achievements were well received both regionally and internationally, to the extent that the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations has awarded an international certificate in recognition of the progress made by the Kingdom in the field of agricultural development.
Wheat production, the most notable feature of this success, reached self-sufficiency in 1985, and increased from 3,000 tons in 1975 to over 3 million tons in 1994. Total grain production for 1994 amounted to 5 million tons. To facilitate storage of grain purchased from the farmers, the government established the Grain Silos Corporation in 1972. There are now ten silo complexes located in the agricultural areas of the Kingdom, with a total storage capacity of 2.4 million tons.
The production of vegetables reached 2.3 million tons in 1994, and in a number of crops there was a surplus that was exported. In the same year, date production reached almost 600,000 tons, and that of other fruits totaled 237,000 tons.
Egg production in 1994 rose in excess of consumption, with about 2.3 billion eggs, and poultry production exceeded 267 million head. The production of red meat rose to 195,000 tons in 1994, and milk production increased significantly to 310,000 tons. In addition, the Kingdom is almost self-sufficient in fish production, which reached 62,000 tons in 1994.