Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Fahd Bin Abdul Aziz, chairing yesterday’s regular weekly meeting of the Council of Ministers, was briefed by Crown Prince Abdullah Bin Abdul Aziz, Deputy Prime Minister and Commander of the National Guard, on the outcome of the Arab Summit held in Cairo from June 21 to 23, at which Prince Abdullah led the Saudi delegation. King Fahd praised his successful efforts for the benefit of the Arab world.
The cabinet voiced great satisfaction over the positive outcome of the summit, and reiterated the unwavering Saudi position on the necessity of continuing the just and comprehensive peace process in the Middle East as well as the resumption of negotiations at all levels within the framework of the Madrid Conference and based on UN Security Council Resolutions 242, 338, and 425, in addition to the principle of land for peace. The cabinet stated that peace will only be achieved through full Israeli withdrawal from all occupied territories including the Arab city of Al-Quds (East Jerusalem), and the Golan Heights to the line of June 4, 1967, as well as Israeli withdrawal from Lebanon; and that, in addition, the Palestinian people are to be enabled to exercise their legitimate rights of self-determination and the establishment of an independent state.
Minister of Information Dr. Fouad Al-Farsi reported that the cabinet called for an end to Israeli settlement activities in the Syrian Golan Heights and the occupied Palestinian territories, notably Al-Quds (Jerusalem), and the removal of all Israeli settlements on occupied Arab lands. The cabinet reiterated full rejection of any position resulting in a change in the demographics or the legal status of Jerusalem. Dr. Al-Farsi further noted that King Fahd affirmed that for the Arab states to abide by the peace process as a strategic option international legitimacy is required, and this option necessitates a reciprocal Israeli abidance by serious action in order to realize peace and ensure security for all countries in the region.
King Fahd called on the international community, notably the two sponsors of the peace process, to guarantee that Israel will not violate the bases of the peace process or negate the pledges it has made; to continue to provide political and economic support for the Palestinian people; and to end the Israeli siege on them.
Dr. Al-Farsi reported that the cabinet welcomed the Arab leaders’ determination, confirmed at the Cairo Summit, to build up Arab solidarity based on respect for the essential pillars of the Arab world, foremost among them commitment to the principles of respect for the sovereignty, independence, and regional integrity of each country; non-interference in the internal affairs of other countries; and settlement of bilateral disputes between Arab states through peaceful means in line with the charters of the UN and the League of Arab States, and with agreements signed within the framework of these charters. In this regard, the cabinet reiterated the concern of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to enhance the Arab League, to promote its role and cooperate with sister Arab states to activate joint economic institutions to enable the Arab world to deal with others on equal terms in the current international economic system.
King Fahd then reviewed the latest developments in the Islamic and international arenas, and reiterated the constant Saudi position on issues requiring radical solutions with joint efforts to be exerted by the entire international community. Referring to the situation in Bosnia-Herzegovina, the King stated that real implementation of the Dayton Peace Accord would put an end to the conflict and stop aggressive Serbs from torturing Bosnian Muslims.
Reviewing a number of domestic items on the agenda, the cabinet approved implementation of the resolution issued by the GCC Supreme Council during its 16th session held in Oman in December 1995 concerning the practice of economic activities in the field of education by citizens of GCC states.