1992 Speech

Kingdom's speech to 10th Non-Aligned Movement Summit in Jakarta
Speech by Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Fahd bin Abdulaziz delivered by Minister of Foreign Affairs Prince Saud Al-Faisal before the Tenth Summit Conference of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) which took place from September 1 to 6, 1992 in Jakarta, Indonesia.

Mr. Chairman: Your Majesties: Highnesses and Excellencies: Ladies and Gentlemen:
I am honored to convey to you on behalf of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Fahd Ibn Abdul Aziz Al-Saud, his best wishes, sincere hopes and deep appreciation for all efforts extended in the process of determining the destiny of the Non-Aligned Movement and its future role amidst the on-going changes engulfing the current international system.

Mr. President:
I have the distinct pleasure to congratulate you, President of the Republic of Indonesia, on your election as Chairman of this Conference.  I am confident that Your Excellency's assumption of this position shall contribute to the success of the work of the conference and ensure objectivity and seriousness in its deliberations, given Your Excellency's wisdom and broad experience.

May I take this opportunity also to express my deep appreciation for the important and comprehensive keynote speech delivered by Your Excellency, which will guide us to achieve the desired success of our work.  I am also pleased to congratulate the Vice Chairman and other members of the bureau on their election, wishing them all success in the performance of their duties.

I would like also to express our gratitude and appreciation for the efforts exerted and means provided by the government of Indonesia to this Tenth Non-Aligned Summit to ensure its success.  The generosity, hospitality and warm welcome extended to us all by the brotherly people of Indonesia is a matter of gratification and appreciation on our part.

I would also like to seize this opportunity to welcome the new Islamic non-aligned government of Afghanistan as well as the resumption of Cambodia's role in the Non-Aligned Movement.

I also extend my congratulations to Guatemala and Papua New Guinea on their admission as full members of the movement, which will enrich our joint action. It is a good omen that this conference takes place here in Indonesia.  Indonesia was and continues to be an important pillar of our movement.  The host country was able not only to preserve the basic principles of the NAM, but also, thanks to the wisdom and political maturity of its leaders, to translate these principles and objectives to deeds.  We are confident that your leadership shall assist us in the realization of the noble objectives for which this movement was established.

Mr. Chairman:
The Tenth Summit of the Non-Aligned Movement takes place within a new international environment characterized by dynamic and rapid change.  On the establishment of the movement thirty-one years ago, international relations were dominated by a deadly struggle between the two superpowers.  The result of this struggle was the cold war, and the developing countries were the fuel and theater of operation.  The stunning developments in international relations over the last few years brought an end to the cold war.  The world has ever since witnessed signs of an emerging international order based on cooperation in lieu of confrontation, and guided by the principles of the United Nations and international legality, which reject the use of force and call for negotiations and peaceful means for settlement of disputes. Since its inception during the cold war era, the Non-Aligned Movement has been able to realize tangible international achievements.  It has played an outstanding role in support of liberation movements all over the world.  It worked towards de-colonization with a view to enabling nations to exercise self-determination and obtain independence and sovereignty over their territories, and thereby be the masters of their destiny.  It has also achieved an outstanding record against apartheid policies.

From this vantage point we can safely say that the future destiny of our movement is determined by the degree of our commitment and adherence to the objectives and basic principles laid down by the founders of the movement.  This requires us to rid our movement of its past negative aspects, which were responsible, despite all its international achievements, for many failures in bilateral conflicts among the membership of the movement.  The movement witnessed serious problems which threatened, at certain points in time, its effectiveness and ability to perform its planned role. For instance, the non-compliance of some members with the objectives and principles of the movement subjected our members to policies of direct and indirect interference in each other's internal affairs.  We also witnessed all sorts of military adventures and power politics.  We shall never forget that our movement once upon a time experienced classification of NAM countries themselves into various dichotomies and divisions, which caused the deepening of differences and depleted a great deal of our movement's efforts and energies.  Hence, it falls upon us to liberate our movement from negatives of the past and make it more apt to face up to the challenges of our present time.

Mr. Chairman:
We today approach a new era which calls upon us to reformulate the plans and strategies of NAM in a manner that is compatible with the new international situation.  We have to concentrate on the aspects of a fruitful cooperation between the north and the south and to give more emphasis to social and economic development, especially since the majority of our membership suffers from problems of poverty and underdevelopment. We must also take practical and effective steps to ensure that no member of the movement commits aggression against another member or threatens its security and sovereignty, as Iraq did against the state of Kuwait in a flagrant violation of the objectives and principles of our movement, now that aggression is redressed and legality has been restored to Kuwait, thanks to a unique international consensus to which many of our brothers and friends, members of this movement, contributed.  It remains, however, to stress the necessity for a strict commitment of the Iraqi regime to full implementation of the UN resolutions and prompt application of Security Council discussions, which were adopted for the purpose of alleviating the suffering of the Iraqi people.

Mr. Chairman:
The effectiveness recently shown by the United Nations in dealing with some of the grave crises, such as the Iran-Iraq war and the Iraqi occupation of Kuwait and the positive role assumed by the United Nations in its current handling of various chronic international problems, are indicative of the fact that the new international order, with its characteristic adherence to international legality and rejection of the use of force in the settlement of conflict, has provided the international body, through its various institutions, with a good opportunity to perform its role in accordance with its charter.  this active approach of the United Nations has materialized, not as a result of a change in its structure or constitution, but rather because the current international environment has become more suitable to such development.

It is therefore useful within the framework of our assessment of the performance of the UN to grant this esteemed organization the support and encouragement it merits so as to continue the positive approach it has manifested prior to any consideration of structural changes, which may only result in the consumption of time and the dissipation of the efforts of the organization.  Accordingly, we appreciate so much the spirit contained in the speech delivered by his excellency the secretary general of the United Nations and value his initiative to come and contribute to the work of our conference.

Furthermore, it is not expected or required that the NAM be a substitute for the UN, but rather complementary to it in its policies and activities.

Mr. Chairman:
In line with the principles and objectives that we endeavored to consecrate in this conference, we deem it our duty to reiterate our support for the Palestinian people who continue to suffer the horrors of occupation and resist the Israeli designs aimed at abolishing their identity and denying their legitimate rights over their homeland. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has not hesitated and shall not hesitate to shoulder its responsibility towards the Palestinian people, their right to self-determination and the sanctity of the holy Islamic places, especially Al-Quds Al-Sharif (Holy Jerusalem).  The Government of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques spares no effort and energy to put the Palestinian question at the forefront of international issues. The current international situation offers an historic opportunity to reach a just settlement to the Palestinian question and the Middle East conflict, on the basis of the relevant UN resolutions, especially Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338.

In this context, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia lends its full support to the efforts exerted to put an end to the Arab-Israeli conflict and realize a just and comprehensive solution to the Palestinian question that would establish justice and restore legitimate rights and lay down permanent bases for peace, security and stability.

Mr. Chairman:
Our meeting takes place at a time when the new republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina is beset by a ferocious war launched by irregular Serbian forces with the support and assistance of Serbia and Montenegro, which claims to be the successor to the former Yugoslavia.  Like the other republics of the former Yugoslavia which opted for independence, Bosnia-Herzegovina has also chosen to exercise its legitimate right to self-determination. Today, we find the people of this newly-founded republic subjected to a war of extermination by the Serbs as a result of which thousands of innocent people have been killed and many others displaced, despite all the efforts exerted by the UN and the European community to deal with the situation.  The continued intransigence of the Serbian forces and those who are behind them has prevented the restoration of peace and security to this ill-fated area.  We have supported the recommendations and decisions reached in the recent London conference on the former Yugoslavia which were agreed to by all the parties concerned and conformed to international legality.  Yet, we have to realize that the adoption of these decisions constitutes only an important first step on the way toward reaching the required resolution of the question of Bosnia-Herzegovina. The situation requires concerted efforts with a view to implementing the London resolutions.  The Government of the Custodian of Two Holy Mosques appeals to all countries of the world, particularly the member states of NAM, to shoulder their responsibility and work towards putting an end to the naked Serbian aggression.  In this respect we feel that it is not enough to ensure the safe arrival of humanitarian assistance to the people of Bosnia through the UN the acts of killing and displacement of the Bosnian people, committed by the Serbian forces and supported by the Belgrade regime, demand the exertion of maximum pressure on the Serbs and their supporters to ensure their fulfillment of their promises and to create a standing structure to follow up the implementation of these decisions, particularly the withdrawal of the regular and irregular forces from Bosnia-Herzegovina.

Equally, we have to ensure every possible means of support for the government of Bosnia-Herzegovina -- moral, material and military.  We expect the UN to fully exercise its peace-making role in this part of the world and not confine itself to the limited function of peace-keeping, even if this entails military intervention aimed at compelling Serbian forces and the regime of Belgrade to submit to international will regarding the termination of bloodshed and annihilation. As we deal with this question in this session, we propose the adoption of the following measures:  firstly, our conference should adopt a resolution condemning the so-called Federated Republic of Yugoslavia and demanding the immediate, unconditional withdrawal from all territories of Bosnia-Herzegovina and further refraining from admitting the so-called Republic of Yugoslavia to the ranks of our movement;  secondly, it should call upon all members of this movement to sever their economic and political ties to the so-called Federated Republic of Yugoslavia in implementation of Security Council Resolution 757 of May 3rd, 1992, providing for sanctions against that republic;  thirdly, urge the member states of this movement to provide whatever humanitarian assistance and urgent emergency supplies.

Mr. Chairman:
Somalia is a country which is being torn every day. Its people are subjected to annihilation and displacement, pursued by disasters and tragedies as a result of a cruel civil war. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has endeavored since the outbreak of the conflict to contain it and has invited all the parties to the conflict to Saudi Arabia.  The Government of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques continues to exert every possible effort to save the lives of our brothers there and provide aid and assistance to them. Saudi Arabia strongly supports the role of the UN to ensure that assistance gets to the people of Somalia.  Saudi Arabia calls upon the member states of NAM to provide whatever assistance and relief to this country and support the effort aiming at bringing an end of the fighting, establishing security and realizing national reconciliation.

Mr. Chairman:
The positive changes witnessed in the international political arena provide a possibility to deal with the question of development and create an international economic environment suitable to helping developing countries commensurate with their people's aspirations, for it is essential that developed countries cooperate in opening their markets to developing countries' products, dismantle protectionist measures, promptly and successfully conclude the Uruguay round of MTN and formulate urgent solutions to the problem of indebtedness.

Economic cooperation among developing countries is equally essential and represents an important instrument for fostering economic growth.  In this context, the Government of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques believes that it is appropriate to create the necessary framework for close cooperation between NAM and the G7.

Mr. Chairman:
In conclusion, I would like to state that Saudi Arabia shall continue to cooperate with the member states of our movement and the rest of the world to fulfill its commitments, providing in the process every possible support and assistance in accordance with its people's recognition of its responsibilities and duties enunciated by the teachings of the Shariah and as an expression of its true desire to contribute to the progress and prosperity of all peace-loving nations.

Peace be upon you, and God's mercy, and His blessing.