Saudi Arabia’s ports handled 141 tons of incoming and outgoing cargo in 2007, excluding crude oil, according to a report by the Saudi Ports Authority.
Exports in 2007 amounted to 83.5 tons, or 59 percent of the total. The majority of the exports were refined petroleum products, petrochemicals and industrial materials.
Imports made up some 57.5 tons of the total cargo, or 41 percent. The most significant imports were foodstuffs, construction, raw materials and consumer goods.
Saudi ports moved around 4.2 million standard containers in 2007, a major increase over the 1.49 million moved in 2006.
As of the end of FY 2007, Saudi Arabia has invested $10.1 billion [SR 38 billion] in its port system, establishing eight ports with 184 quays that can accommodate the largest ships in the world. The total private sector investment in the Saudi port system has reached more than $1 billion [SR 4 billion].
More than half of Saudi Arabia’s sea traffic passes through the Islamic Port of Jeddah, one of the main ports in the Middle East. Other major commercial ports are located in Dammam, Jizan, Jubail, Dhiba, as well as the industrial cities in Yanbu and Jubail. A ninth port planned for Ras Al-Zour is expected to facilitate the mining industry.